雅思聽力:聽力中的時態考點的秘密

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來源: 作者: 編輯:張靜怡 2016-10-12 15:35:00

在雅思聽力考試過程中,題乾中可能經常會出現一些表示時態的單詞:

劍橋11 test 2 section 2 中13/14題

Which Two facilities does the theatre currently [1] offer to the public?

A. rooms for hire

B. backstage tours

C. hire of costumes

D. a book shop

E. a cafe

15/16題

Which Two workshops does the theatre currently [2] offer?

A. sound

B. acting

C. making puppets

D. make-up

E. lighting

劍橋8 test 1 section 2中19/20題

Which Two activities can students do after the tour at present?[3]

A. build model dinosaurs

B. watch film

C. draw dinosaurs

D. find dinosaur eggs

E. play computer games

劍橋8 test 2 section 2中19題

What can you see in the park at the present [4] time?

A. the arrival of wild birds

B. fruit tree blossom

C. a demonstration of fishing

劍橋7 test 4section2中12題

theoriginal [5] buildings on the site were

A. leisure

B. apartment blocks

C. a sports center

從這些題中我們可以看出,前兩道題都出現了currently, 第三,第四道題at present, 第五道出現original,它們都是表示時間的詞,都是選擇題中題乾出現的限定詞,也是這些題中的考點詞。

比如說第一道題which Two facilities does the theatre currently offer to the public?哪兩個設施是theatre 目前提供給公眾的?那我們要選擇選項中包含現在時間詞的選項,錄音中可能還會出現將來時間進行乾擾,所以計劃,打算,不久將開放的就是乾擾項。

根據錄音:so we 're looking into the possibility to open a cafe in due course. (in due course 在適當的時候)排除E

there are 2 large rooms will be decorated next month, and they"ll be available for hire. 排除A

we're also considering hiring out costumes. 排除C

所以排除法就可以做出來了。以上乾擾句中都出現了將來時間詞。

而答案句:

one way is by organizing backstage tour, so people can be shown around the building and learn how a theatre operates.

we have a bookshop which specializes in books about drama and that attracts plenty of customers.

都是一般現在時。

第二道題:題乾出現currently,問現在情況

所以根據錄音:we intend to learn run courses in acting, but we're waiting until we've got the right people in place as trainers.出現將來時間排除B

we're going to start sound next month.出現將來時間詞可以排除A。

a number of people have enquired about workshops on make-up, that's something we're considering for the future.排除C

答案句中:our lighting workshop has already started with great success.

a surprise success is the workshop on making puppets……it is so popular we're now running them very month. 是現在完成時或者現在時。

那麼我們來總結一下考試中常見的時間時態詞:

過去的時間詞:original/originally / previous/ previously / former/ initially/ first / last / used to do / ago/ before / did /past

現在的時間詞:current/currently/ at present/ at the moment / now/ recently / have already done

將來的時間詞:future/ be about to do/ be going to do / next / be considering / plan to do / intend to do / be thinking of / soon /

所以做做時態型的選擇題時,我們審題時一定要注意題乾中限定的時間詞,如果是現在的,那麼一般會大量用將來進行乾擾。而答案句對應也是現在時或現在完成時。如果審題中題乾時過去限定詞,那麼常用過去時間對應,當然也會部分出現乾擾。題乾中直接出線一般將來時的題很少,基本上都在問過去或者現在的情況。學員要牢記常見時間詞,進行同意替換或者進行乾擾排除,這類題就迎刃而解了。

 

實習編輯:李孟潔

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